[PacMasterUpdate] Pacific Masters Update, February 8, 2004
pacmasterupdate-admin at PacificMasters.org
Mon Feb 9 01:04:18 EST 2004
USF VALENTINE DAYS MEET -
The University of San Francisco Masters Valentine
meet was this past Saturday, February 7th. It
featured all the 50's and 200s. Over 350 swimmers
competed, making it one of the largest Masters
meets. There were large teams there from Tuolumne
County Aquatic Masters, Davis and Chico. Many of
the swimmers were competing in their first pool
Thanks to Kathy Huang, Barbara Byrnes, Bryan
Andrews, Elmer Tosta and the USF team for putting
on the the well attended event.
Tamalpias Aquatic Masters is sponsoring two
events: the Postal 1650. Both events can be done
at your home pool. The 1650, by the February 29th
(an extra day this year).
All of the meet sheets can be obtained on the Pacific Masters schedule page
RELAY MEET CHANGE OF DATE
The San Mateo Master Marlins Relay meet will NOT
be on February 22nd. The new date for the San
Mateo Master Marlins meet is February 29.
SWIMMING COACH NEEDED
Swimming coach wanted. Laurelwood Cabana Club
seeks head coach. Season is April through July.
Hours are approximately 3:30 to 7:30 PM Mon.-Fri.
until mid June and 7:00 to 10:30 AM thereafter.
Meets are on Saturdays during June and July.
Responsibilities include supervising one or more
assistant coaches. Prior experience required.
Send resume to lwswimteam at sbcglobal.net or 1579
Eddington Place, San Jose, CA 95129.
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GETTING TO THE HEART OF THE MATTER
by Coach Midnight
I was browsing through some articles in the
internet edition of of The New York Times when I
came across an article titled: "Maximum Heart
rate Theory is Challenged" by Gina Kolata. I
will not go fully into all the details of the
article -- but just mention a few as quite a few
swimmers nowadays seem to be very aware of (or
concerned about) "maximum heart rates" -
"training heart rates" - "calculating max heart
rate" and so on.
Here are a few 'items' that may get you thinking about all that:
1) A Exercise Physiologist at the Univ of N.
Carolina recounting how he did a 'stress test' of
a member of the U.S. rowing team; in which he
asked the rower (who was about 25 years old) to
row as hard as he could for 6 minutes with a
heart rate monitor on. His 'calculated' Maximum
Heart rate should have been about 195. He
proceeded to get his heart rate to 200+ (within
90 seconds) and held it there the entire 6
minutes. Seeing the results a local cardiologist
said "......there's not a textbook in the world
that says a person could have done that."
2) One of the most respected exercise
physiologists in the world, Dr. Jack Wilmore,
said it is clear from the scattered data points
(ie, Heart rate maximums plotted against 'age')
that maximum heart rates could vary wildly from
the formula(s). "If it says 150, it could be 180
and it could be 120," says Dr. Wilmore.
3) Dr. Fritz Hagerman, an exercise physiologist
from Ohio University has come to the conclusion
(after three decades of studying world class
rowers) that using a formula to predict an
individual's maximum heart rate was ludicrous.
Even sillier, he said, is the common notion that
the heart rate is an indication of fitness. "The
heart rate is probably the least important
variable in comparing athletes," Dr. Hagerman
So, what can your heart rate (maximum or
otherwise) tell you about your training??
I will see if I can shed some light on that in
the next installment of: "Getting to the Heart of
OFFICIALS CLINIC - REDDING
Shasta College said we can hold a Stroke and Turn Clinic on February 28,
2004. Use the website below to look at the map of the Shasta College campus.
Mark has requested the room next to the pool, but the lady in charge had to
check with the basketball coaches to see if they need the room. We will
have an early check in at 8:30 AM and the clinic will start at 9:00 AM and
last until 12:00 PM.
If there are any questions please contact:
Mark Wagner, Head Coach of the Redding Aqua Ducks <aquaduck at c-zone.net> or
Pat Roche <proche at sbcglobal.net>
LYNN COX AT CAPITOLA BOOK STORE
Lynne Cox, author of Swimming to Antarctica, will
be doing a book signing and talk at Capitola Book
Café/ 1475 41st Ave. / Capitola (831) 462 4415 on
Wednesday, February 18 at 7:30 PM. Lynne is an
endurance/distance swimmer who at 15 beat the
men's and women's times for crossing the English
Channel. At 30 she swam the Bering Strait. At 42
she swam a mile in the 32 degree waters of
Antarctica. This is a wonderful, inspiring story
for all of us, especially doing workouts in the
middle of the night as it seems in these cold
winter days! Event is free and open to the public.
USMS SCM TOP TEN (PRELIMINARY)
The preliminary 2003 USMS Short Course Meters top ten list is now available at
Please report any errors to Pieter Cath.
USMS SHORT COURSE YARDS CHAMPIONSHIPS IN INDIANAPOLIS
The complete meet information is now avaiable for
the 2004 USMS Short Course National Championships
The meet will be held April 22-25 at the IUPUI Natatorium in Indianapolis.
The on line entry system is now available for the short course nationals at
Entries will be accepted there until midnight on March 18 (EST).
FITNESS ARTICLES OF THE MONTH
The USMS Fitness Committee produces many
different types of articles about swimming, with
topics ranging from swimming technique to
nutrition. We will feature a new article each
month on the USMS Web Site. At the end of each
month, these articles will become a part of the
How to Stay Motivated
By Darlene Staley
This months article about motivation is by
Darlene Staley, who is a member of the USMS
Fitness Committee and Registrar for the Oregon
It's in all the Details!
By Jennifer Parks
This month's article "Looking at the "Big
Picture" of Health, Wellness and Fitness: It's in
all the Details!" is by Jennifer Parks, member of
the USMS Fitness Committee. Parks teaches health,
wellness, fitness, aquatics, and stress
management courses at Ferris State University in
Michigan. She was the swim coach at Michigan
State in the 70s and 80s, and has been swimming
Masters for almost 30 years.
USA Swimming Situations by Bill Rose
16. During a 500 yard event, a swimmer misses
the wall. The turn judge signals an infraction.
At what should be the end of the race, the coach
shouts, "swim another 50," and the athlete does
so. Is there any limit to when a swimmer can go
back and touch a missed wall? Does the
disqualification stand? What if the event is 100
yards or 1,650 yards? Does the length of the race
have bearing on the disqualification?
17. A swimmer in the 100 yard butterfly takes
a simultaneous two-arm pull, kicks several times
with her arms at her sides, brings both arms
simultaneously forward over the water, keeps her
arms stretched out in front of her for several
kicks and then does another simultaneous two-arm
She repeats this process throughout the swim. Should she be disqualified?
18. During the 200 yard individual medley, a
swimmer in the backstroke leg approaches the
intermediate turn and starts to make a valid
continuous turn. The swimmer's hand touches the
wall immediately after turning onto the breast.
The swimmer, now on the breast, grabs the gutter,
foot against the wall and the other foot onto the
gutter with the toes clearly above the water
surface and on the gutter. The swimmer then
pushes off on the back and finishes the last leg
of the backstroke portion of the race. Is there
19. Mary was swimming the 100 yard backstroke.
At the first turn, the turn judge indicated a
disqualification stating that the swimmer missed
the wall on the turn. Mary and her coach both
say that she did touch the wall and that her feet
just slipped. They also state that Mary could
not have pushed off the wall if she didn't touch
20. A swimmer says he sprained his ankle and
cannot turn his foot out in the breaststroke
kick. Should he be disqualified if he does not
turn his toes out in the propulsive part of the
21. While swimming the breaststroke, a swimmer
touches the wall at the turn with both hands at
the same time. However, the swimmer's left hand
was at the top of the wall while his right hand
touched well below the surface of the water. The
turn judge raised her hand and the swimmer was
disqualified. Was the call correct?
Happy Valentines Day
16 Recommended Resolution: The
disqualification should stand. USA Swimming
Rules and Regulations requires that the swimmer
touch the wall upon completion of each length.
When the swimmer makes the next touch at the
opposite end of the pool, he has lost the
opportunity to correct the missed
touch. The length of the race has no bearing.
Applicable Rules: 101.4.3
17 Recommended Resolution: There should be no
disqualification. There is no rule requiring an
arm stroke between leg kicks. The swimmer may
kick an many times as desired between strokes as
long as both legs kick simultaneously.
Applicable Rules: 101.2.2, 101.2.3
18 Recommended Resolution: First, the turn is
legal, as the motion was continuous once the
swimmer's shoulders went past the vertical up to
the touch. Second, the rule book (rule 101.3.1)
states that ""Standing in or on the gutter or
bending the toes over the lip of the gutter
before or after
the start is prohibited." Since the swimmer
placed his/her feet in the gutter a number of
lengths after the start, there is no
disqualification. The swimmer may not place his
feet in or on the gutter immediately after the
start. The rule book is silent about the turn.
There is no infraction.
Applicable Rules: 101.3.1, 101.3.3
19 Recommended Resolution: Stroke and turn
judges are taught to call what they see and not
what they don't see. This philosophy is most
evident in the missed touch at the turn where it
is a requirement of the turn judge to say that
"the swimmer did not touch the wall" rather than
"I didn't see the swimmer touch the wall." The
judge also cannot infer an infraction from other
evidence such as a slow departure from the wall
that normally accompanies a missed touch. The
coach and/or swimmer should go to the referee and
question him/her about the call. It is the duty
of the referee to make sure that the call was, in
fact, correct by checking with the judge and
reviewing exactly what the judge saw. The
referee should find out
exactly how the judge knew the swimmer missed the wall.
Applicable Rules: 101.3.3, 102.13.1
21 Recommended Resolution: Yes. This does not
qualify as a disability, which is defined in
Article 105 as " a permanent physical or mental
impairment that substantialy limits one or more
major life activities." No exception to the
breaststroke rule is, therefore, warranted.
Applicable Rules: 101.1.3, 105.1, 105.5
21 Recommended Resolution: No, the call was
not correct. The breaststroke turn rule states
that "the touch shall be made with both hands
simultaneously at, above, or below the water
surface." This allows the swimmers hands to be
on different levels when they touch the wall.
They still need to touch the wall at the same
time. The same is true for the touch at the
finish of the race.
Applicable Rules: 101.1.4, 101.1.5
michael w. moore
michael at mwmoore.org