[PacMasterUpdate] Pacific Masters Update, February 8, 2004

pacmasterupdate-admin at PacificMasters.org Mon Feb 9 01:04:18 EST 2004

The University of San Francisco Masters Valentine 
meet was this past Saturday, February 7th. It 
featured all the 50's and 200s. Over 350 swimmers 
competed, making it one of the largest Masters 
meets. There were large teams there from Tuolumne 
County Aquatic Masters, Davis and Chico. Many of 
the swimmers were competing in their first pool 

Thanks to Kathy Huang, Barbara Byrnes, Bryan 
Andrews, Elmer Tosta and the USF team for putting 
on the the well attended event.
Tamalpias Aquatic Masters is sponsoring two 
events:  the Postal 1650. Both events can be done 
at your home pool. The 1650, by the February 29th 
(an extra day this year).
All of the meet sheets can be obtained on the Pacific Masters schedule page
The San Mateo Master Marlins Relay meet will NOT 
be on February 22nd. The new date for the San 
Mateo Master Marlins meet is February 29.
Swimming coach wanted. Laurelwood Cabana Club 
seeks head coach. Season is April through July. 
Hours are approximately 3:30 to 7:30 PM Mon.-Fri. 
until mid June and 7:00 to 10:30 AM thereafter. 
Meets are on Saturdays during June and July. 
Responsibilities include supervising one or more 
assistant coaches. Prior experience required. 
Send resume to lwswimteam at sbcglobal.net or 1579 
Eddington Place, San Jose, CA  95129.
How to unsubscribe reply to 
PacMasterUpdate at PacificMasters.org. We have a 
volunteer who has been taking care of people who 
unsubscribe by emailing the above address. If 
you sent a request to unsubscribe , it will get 
by Coach Midnight

I was browsing through some articles in the 
internet edition of of The New York Times when I 
came across an article titled: "Maximum Heart 
rate Theory is Challenged" by Gina Kolata.  I 
will not go fully into all the details of the 
article  -- but just mention a few as quite a few 
swimmers nowadays seem to be very aware of (or 
concerned about)  "maximum heart rates" - 
"training heart rates"  - "calculating max heart 
rate" and so on.

Here are a few 'items' that may get you thinking about all that:

1) A Exercise Physiologist at the Univ of N. 
Carolina recounting how he did a 'stress test' of 
a member of the U.S. rowing team; in which he 
asked the rower (who was about 25 years old) to 
row as hard as he could for 6 minutes with a 
heart rate monitor on.  His 'calculated' Maximum 
Heart rate should have been about 195.  He 
proceeded to get his heart rate to 200+ (within 
90 seconds) and held it there the entire 6 
minutes.  Seeing the results a local cardiologist 
said "......there's not a textbook in the world 
that says a person could have done that."

2) One of the most respected exercise 
physiologists in the world, Dr. Jack Wilmore, 
said it is clear from the scattered data points 
(ie, Heart rate maximums plotted against 'age') 
that maximum heart rates could vary wildly from 
the formula(s).  "If it says 150, it could be 180 
and it could be 120," says Dr. Wilmore.

3) Dr. Fritz Hagerman,  an exercise physiologist 
from Ohio University has come to the conclusion 
(after three decades of studying world class 
rowers) that using a formula to predict an 
individual's maximum heart rate was ludicrous. 
Even sillier, he said, is the common notion that 
the heart rate is an indication of fitness. "The 
heart rate is probably the least important 
variable in comparing athletes," Dr. Hagerman 

So, what can your heart rate (maximum or 
otherwise) tell you about your training??

I will see if I can shed some light on that in 
the next installment of: "Getting to the Heart of 
the Matter".
Shasta College said we can hold a Stroke and Turn Clinic on February 28,
2004. Use the website below to look at the map of the Shasta College campus.


Mark has requested the room next to the pool, but the lady in charge had to
check with the basketball coaches to see if they need the room.  We will
have an early check in at 8:30 AM and the clinic will start at 9:00 AM and
last until 12:00 PM.

If there are any questions please contact:

Mark Wagner, Head Coach of the Redding Aqua Ducks <aquaduck at c-zone.net> or
Pat Roche <proche at sbcglobal.net>
Lynne Cox, author of Swimming to Antarctica, will 
be doing a book signing and talk at Capitola Book 
Café/ 1475 41st Ave. / Capitola (831) 462 4415 on 
Wednesday, February 18 at 7:30 PM. Lynne is an 
endurance/distance swimmer who at 15 beat the 
men's and women's times for crossing the English 
Channel. At 30 she swam the Bering Strait. At 42 
she swam a mile in the 32 degree waters of 
Antarctica. This is a wonderful, inspiring story 
for all of us, especially doing workouts in the 
middle of the night as it seems in these cold 
winter days! Event is free and open to the public.
The preliminary 2003 USMS Short Course Meters top ten list is now available at

Please report any errors to Pieter Cath.
The complete meet information is now avaiable for 
the 2004 USMS Short Course National Championships 
The meet will be held April 22-25 at the IUPUI Natatorium in Indianapolis.

The on line entry system is now available for the short course nationals at
	http://www.usms.org/comp/scnats04/onlineentry.shtml .

Entries will be accepted there until midnight on March 18 (EST).
The USMS Fitness Committee produces many 
different types of articles about swimming, with 
topics ranging from swimming technique to 
nutrition. We will feature a new article each 
month on the USMS Web Site. At the end of each 
month, these articles will become a part of the 
permanent archive.

February, 2004

How to Stay Motivated
By Darlene Staley

This months article about motivation is by 
Darlene Staley, who is a member of the USMS 
Fitness Committee and Registrar for the Oregon 

January, 2004
It's in all the Details!
By Jennifer Parks

This month's article "Looking at the "Big 
Picture" of Health, Wellness and Fitness: It's in 
all the Details!" is by Jennifer Parks, member of 
the USMS Fitness Committee. Parks teaches health, 
wellness, fitness, aquatics, and stress 
management courses at Ferris State University in 
Michigan. She was the swim coach at Michigan 
State in the 70s and 80s, and has been swimming 
Masters for almost 30 years.

USA Swimming Situations by Bill Rose

16.    During a 500 yard event, a swimmer misses 
the wall.  The turn judge signals an infraction. 
At what should be the end of the race, the coach 
shouts, "swim another 50,"  and the athlete does 
so. Is there any limit to when a swimmer can go 
back and touch a missed wall? Does the 
disqualification stand?  What if the event is 100 
yards or 1,650 yards? Does the length of the race 
have bearing on the disqualification?

17.    A swimmer in the 100 yard butterfly takes 
a simultaneous two-arm pull, kicks several times 
with her arms at her sides, brings both arms 
simultaneously forward over the water, keeps her 
arms stretched out in front of her for several 
kicks and then does another simultaneous two-arm 
She repeats this process throughout the swim.  Should she be disqualified?

18.    During the 200 yard individual medley, a 
swimmer in the backstroke leg approaches the 
intermediate turn and starts to make a valid 
continuous turn.  The swimmer's hand touches the 
wall immediately after turning onto the breast. 
The swimmer, now on the breast, grabs the gutter, 
places one
foot against the wall and the other foot onto the 
gutter with the toes clearly above the water 
surface and on the gutter.  The swimmer then 
pushes off on the back and finishes the last leg 
of the backstroke portion of the race.  Is there 
an infraction?

19.    Mary was swimming the 100 yard backstroke. 
At the first turn, the turn judge indicated a 
disqualification stating that the swimmer missed 
the wall on the turn.  Mary and her coach both 
say that she did touch the wall and that her feet 
just slipped.  They also state that Mary could 
not have pushed off the wall if she didn't touch 

20.    A swimmer says he sprained his ankle and 
cannot turn his foot out in the breaststroke 
kick.  Should he be disqualified if he does not 
turn his toes out in the propulsive part of the 

21.    While swimming the breaststroke, a swimmer 
touches the wall at the turn with both hands at 
the same time.  However, the swimmer's left hand 
was at the top of the wall while his right hand 
touched well below the surface of the water.  The 
turn judge raised her hand and the swimmer was 
disqualified.  Was the call correct?

Happy Valentines Day

16 Recommended Resolution:    The 
disqualification should stand.  USA Swimming 
Rules and Regulations requires that the swimmer 
touch the wall upon completion of each length. 
When the swimmer makes the next touch at the 
opposite end of the pool, he has lost the 
opportunity to correct the missed
touch.  The length of the race has no bearing.

Applicable Rules:   101.4.3

17 Recommended Resolution:    There should be no 
disqualification.  There is no rule requiring an 
arm stroke between leg kicks.  The swimmer may 
kick an many times as desired between strokes as 
long as both legs kick simultaneously.

Applicable Rules:   101.2.2, 101.2.3

18 Recommended Resolution:   First, the turn is 
legal, as the motion was continuous once the 
swimmer's shoulders went past the vertical up to 
the touch.  Second, the rule book (rule 101.3.1) 
states that ""Standing in or on the gutter or 
bending the toes over the lip of the gutter 
before or after
the start is prohibited."   Since the swimmer 
placed his/her feet in the gutter a number of 
lengths after the start, there is no 
disqualification. The swimmer may not place his 
feet in or on the gutter immediately after the 
start.  The rule book is silent about the turn. 
There is no infraction.

Applicable Rules:   101.3.1, 101.3.3

19 Recommended Resolution:    Stroke and turn 
judges are taught to call what they see and not 
what they don't see.  This philosophy is most 
evident in the missed touch at the turn where it 
is a requirement of the turn judge to say that 
"the swimmer did not touch the wall" rather than 
"I didn't see the swimmer touch the wall."  The 
judge also cannot infer an infraction from other 
evidence such as a slow departure from the wall 
that normally accompanies a missed touch.  The 
coach and/or swimmer should go to the referee and 
question him/her about the call.  It is the duty 
of the referee to make sure that the call was, in 
fact, correct by checking with the judge and 
reviewing exactly what the judge saw.  The 
referee should find out
exactly how the judge knew the swimmer missed the wall.

Applicable Rules:   101.3.3, 102.13.1

21 Recommended Resolution:    Yes.  This does not 
qualify as a disability, which is defined in 
Article 105 as " a permanent physical or mental 
impairment that substantialy limits one or more 
major life activities."  No exception to the 
breaststroke rule is, therefore, warranted.

Applicable Rules:   101.1.3, 105.1, 105.5

21 Recommended Resolution:    No, the call was 
not correct.  The breaststroke turn rule states 
that "the touch shall be made with both hands 
simultaneously at, above, or below the water 
surface."  This allows the swimmers hands to be 
on different levels when they touch the wall. 
They still  need to touch the wall at the same 
time.  The same is true for the touch at the 
finish of the race.

Applicable Rules:   101.1.4, 101.1.5
michael w. moore
michael at mwmoore.org